Pajamas or pyjamas, frequently shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to many similar kinds of clothes originating through the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but occasionally also for lounging, also by the two sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and product.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th hundreds of years, as well as the British influence on the wider Western world throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then generally known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they quickly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a style in Britain and also the Western environment as sleeping apparel for guys until finally the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different individuals in India e.g. by women of assorted lessons, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both of those sexes. It had been adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of evening attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a excellent numerous Many others with the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. A friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty muske pidzame a long time back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-pants mixture made of smooth fabric, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] muske pidzame The jacket component ordinarily incorporates a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys are often offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (also known as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, intended to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats had been very common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but during the early twenty-1st century They are really instead exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are many versions in type which include brief sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length, or, once in a while, a person-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating numerous resources. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Ordinarily worn by kids, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could also be footed.
Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they have occasionally incorporated the latter being a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Use muske pidzame a style of shorter dress top more than shorts or brief pants.
Pajamas might currently refer to Ladies's combination daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became well-known while in the early twentieth century, consisting of limited-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.